Andrew Jackson
Served 1829-1833, 1833-1837

Andrew Jackson was born March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaw area on the border between North and South Carolina. (Both states claim his birthplace.)

As a teenager, he fought in the Revolutionary War and was captured by the British. After the war, he moved to Tennessee where he became a lawyer and soon earned the name of “Old Hickory” because he was always ready for a fight. He married Rachel Donelson Robards in August, 1791, and again on January 17, 1794, when they discovered her divorce had not been made final. They had no children.

Next PageIn the War of 1812, Jackson, now a general, was the commander of the army that defeated the British in the final battle at New Orleans. After that victory, his reputation grew nationwide. He ran for President in 1824 in a three-way race and won more electoral votes than John Quincy Adams, but not a majority. Pursuant to the Constitution, the House of Representatives decided the election and voted to award the Presidency to Adams.

Rather than use the old Democratic-Republican party banner, Jackson’s supporters called themselves simply “Democrats.” Jackson’s popularity grew during Adams’s Presidency, and in 1828, Jackson won the election. After his inauguration in 1829, in a break with the White House tradition of elegance, hundreds of people came into the White House, drinking and carousing, some leaving with White House property.

Jackson was a very popular President as he was from a poor family but worked hard to make something of himself. He believed in the common people and good common sense. Andy, as he was called, liked to breed racehorses and fighting birds and play cards. He was famous for his “Kitchen Cabinet” of advisors, a group of common folks who he felt were more his friends than traditional White House political advisors. His Vice Presidents were John C. Calhoun and Martin Van Buren. During his term, Arkansas and Michigan became 25th and 26th states admitted to the Union.

Jackson was the only President to fight a duel. At least one was over an insult to his wife, and he supposedly fought in more than 100. He died of natural causes on June 8, 1845.

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1 Comment

  1. Claire Mclean
    November 17, 2013

    The Presidential Museums website is launched today, November 18th, and we are notifying as many people as we can to come on board and join the celebration. It is an important part of this web site to institute the CALENDAR feature and to keep it up to date with the direct input and co-operation of each Presidential Museum and Library starting with our dear “friend” and number 31 President of the United States, Herbert Hoover. We will be in touch with the Museums, asking for their help, this week so be on the look out for our call.
    This feature along with the monthly Calendar will also, we anticipate, act as a round robin and a chatter box about not just the Obama presidency, while we admit there is a lot to chat about there, but also involve all the presidencies. Join in on the trivia, gossip, chatter and “twitter” will help make us all learned historians, so come on aboard and be our guest.
    Claire McLean,
    Founder and CEO


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