James Abram Garfield was born November 19, 1831, in a log cabin in Orange, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, the last President born in a log cabin.
Garfield was a teacher before entering politics. He enjoyed fishing, playing cards, and chess. He married Lucretia Rudolph on November 11, 1858, and together, they had seven children. Like President Rutherford Hayes, he was relatively unknown — another “dark horse” candidate — before the Republican Party nominated him for President and Chester A. Arthur for Vice President.
On July 2, 1881, Garfield was boarding a train at Union Station in Washington D.C. when he was shot in the abdomen by Charles J. Guiteau, who was angry because he did not get a government job that he thought he deserved. The wound spread into peritonitis, and Garfield died September 19, 1881.